Share: Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn I recommend visiting cushmanwakefield.com to read:%0A%0A {0} %0A%0A {1}

The Race For The Best Office Space: Fit Out Costs Across Europe Rise 9%

05/04/2023

The UK and Germany top the list of most expensive regions to fit out an office with costs expected to remain high in the near term before falling in 2024

Key UK and German cities top the list of the most expensive European regions to fit out an office as occupier expectations for their workplace continue to increase following the Covid-19 pandemic, according to new data from global real estate services firm Cushman & Wakefield.

Fit out costs across Europe have risen by an average of 9% (in euro currency) over the last year with high-quality fit outs now averaging €2,214 per sq m ‘all-in’*. While this represents a significant cost increase over the year, the increase is broadly in line with the peak rate of inflation encountered in the UK and euro area. High fit out costs in the UK and Germany are being further driven by elevated expectations in these regions in terms of design sophistication, technology solutions and quality of fit out.

Cushman & Wakefield’s ‘European Office Fit Out Cost Guide’ covers 25 key cities across Europe and set out average costs across a range of fit out standards to help occupiers define office relocation budgets.

Table: Top 10 Most Expensive Locations for High-Quality Fit Out Costs in Europe

RANK

COUNTRY

CITY

High quality ‘all-in’ fit out costs

€per sq m

1

UK

London

3,790

2

UK

Manchester

3,174

3

UK

Birmingham

2,989

4

Germany

Hamburg

2,848

5

UK

Glasgow

2,835

6

Germany

Munich

2,757

7

Ireland

Dublin

2,750

8

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

2,750

9

Germany

Frankfurt

2,729

10

Germany

Berlin

2,645

(Source: Cushman & Wakefield; full table in Notes to Editors)

Nic Wilkinson, Chair of Project & Development Services EMEA at Cushman & Wakefield, said: “Three years on from the COVID-19 pandemic, delivering office fit outs that reflect current working strategies has never been higher up the agenda. Corporates are taking huge strides in advancing workplace strategies and the importance now placed on sustainability and DE&I criteria cannot be understated as more and more firms pivot towards accountable goals in this area. Together, this drives demand for best-in-class space of which there is a considerable lack of supply and sizable cost and logistical considerations.”

Over the past 12 months the primary issue affecting fit out costs has been surging inflation driven by significant supply-demand imbalances resulting from stressed supply chains, tight labour markets and the conflict in Ukraine.

The outlook on pricing is mixed. Although supply chain stress continues to be resolved, there are still bottlenecks for specific products, mainly electronics, and labour costs remain high. Inflation in the euro area is forecast at 6.2% in 2023 but is then expected to slow to 2.7% in 2024. These factors mean that input costs are likely to remain elevated in the near term, likely resulting in construction contractors remaining risk averse and including greater safety provisions to mitigate the current volatile conditions. However, on the opposite side of the ledger, the economic slowdown has resulted in a more cautious approach to capital expenditure by occupiers, which together with the current trend of generally downsizing office footprints, means the size of the market has shrunk. In turn, this is leading to increased competition to win projects and is therefore placing downward pressure on tender pricing as margins are shaved further.

User Expectations Transforming the Market

Cushman & Wakefield recently warned in its ‘Obsolescence = Opportunity: The next evolution of office space in Europe’ report that 76% of European office stock faces obsolescence by 2030 as a combination of changing work patterns, occupier demand, increasing legislative action from European governments around minimum sustainability standards, as well as an uncertain economic backdrop, sees stock misalign with demand.

Best in class fit outs therefore need to simultaneously consider five key factors:

  • workplace strategy
  • change management
  • sustainability
  • procurement
  • technology

Wilkinson added: “Half of the building stock across Europe is over thirty years old and just 14% has been built or substantially modernised in the last ten years. Over the life of an office building, there may be as many as three or four office fit outs, and with legislative requirements on sustainability becoming more acute, many landlords need to take action on how the environmental costs measure up against the embodied carbon in the building. Occupiers simultaneously need to factor in high all-in costs to accommodate technology and sustainability improvements, though payback periods, especially for sustainability efficiencies, have shortened considerably.”

Notes to Editors: *‘All-in’ fit outs includes furniture, audio visual, professional fees and contingency on the total costs associated with a potential internal fit out project.

Cushman & Wakefield’s definition of High, Medium, and Low office fit outs:

 

 

 

LOW

MEDIUM

HIGH

  • Limited celluarisation, less than 10% of space
  • Retain Category A ceiling throughout
  • Basic finishes to all walls
  • Lower specification finishes and carpet throughout
  • Vinyl flooring to tea points
  • Minimal alterations to air conditioning and ventilation
  • Data points to equal desk positions.
  • Celluarisation rate circa 10%-25% of space, with part single glazed partitions
  • Alterations to less than 25% of ceiling
  • Plasterboard ceiling to meeting rooms
  • Feature wall finishes to reception and tea points
  • Medium specification carpet and finishes
  • Hard flooring to reception
  • Alterations to air conditioning & ventilation to suit cellurisation
  • Multiple data points to each desk position.
  • Cellurisation to over 25% of space, with double glazed partitions
  • Alterations to over 25% of ceiling
  • Features and plasterboard ceiling to reception and offices
  • Feature finishes to meeting rooms/offices
  • High specification carpet and finishes
  • Bespoke joinery to meeting rooms and offices
  • Hard flooring to tea points and finishes
  • Modification to air conditioning/ventilation, along with new air conditioning units
  • Additional feature lighting
  • Wired data provision

 

Table: Full Ranking of High-Quality Fit Out Costs in Europe 

RANK

COUNTRY

CITY

High ‘all in’ fit out costs

per sq m

1

UK

London

3,790

2

UK

Manchester

3,174

3

UK

Birmingham

2,989

4

Germany

Hamburg

2,848

5

UK

Glasgow

2,835

6

Germany

Munich

2,757

7

Ireland

Dublin

2,750

8

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

2,750

9

Germany

Frankfurt

2,729

10

Germany

Berlin

2,645

11

France

Paris

2,626

12

Belgium

Brussels

2,415

13

Sweden

Stockholm

2,092

14

Czech Republic

Prague

1,850

15

Poland

Warsaw

1,780

16

Netherlands

Amsterdam

1,700

17

Spain

Barcelona

1,610

18

Spain

Madrid

1,610

19

Slovakia

Bratislava

1,606

20

Hungary

Budapest

1,600

21

Portugal

Lisbon

1,593

22

Serbia

Belgrade

1,494

23

Italy

Milan

1,400

24

Italy

Rome

1,400

25

Turkey

Istanbul

1,300

(Source: Cushman & Wakefield)

 

Media Contact

Lauren Joselyn Cushman & Wakefield
Lauren Joselyn

Associate Director, EMEA Communications • London

RECENT NEWS

Futures of Cities
Future of Cities: Future of Living Event

Join us for a virtual event on Tuesday, 17 May between 8:30- 10:00hrs (GMT+1) to find out what our experts views are on the future of living in cities such as Dublin. 

10/05/2022

coloured light streaking
Vacancy rate hits 20 year low in Dublin logistics market as much needed new stock gets underway

Occupier activity continues to surge in the Dublin industrial and logistics market as Covid-19 and Brexit drives structural demand changes. Latest figures by Cushman & Wakefield reveals a total of 228,200 sq m transacted in the year to date. 

Brendan Smyth • 08/10/2021

Office Investment Q1 2020 Report
Surge in reserved space, as office occupier market continues to see improved activity

Latest research from Cushman & Wakefield reveals an interesting quarter for the Dublin office market. Take up in Q2 2021, as expected, continued to struggle with just 19,150 sq m occupied. However, outside of take up, the story of improved demand is best reflected in reserved figures once again, along with a rise in requirements and viewings.

15/07/2021

Industrial Warehouse
Industrial and Logistics sector proves itself as one of the most desirable asset classes

Latest research from Cushman & Wakefield reveals investment activity improves, despite the ongoing pandemic and travel restrictions. Turnover levels reached approximately €641.5m across 37 deals in the second quarter of 2021.

 

09/07/2021

Glencar House, Ballsbridge
First major office scheme of 2021 goes on site

This week sees the unveiling of the first major office development to go live on-site in 2021.

Aisling Tannam • 24/03/2021

Aedifica
Valuation on the part of Belgian REIT Aedifica

The acquisition augments Aedifica’s market share of the Irish market to 417 beds; and follows in quick succession from the groups February purchase of Brídhaven Nursing Home in Mallow.

12/03/2021

Future of office space (image)
Office Workers Struggle to Stay Connected and Learn

Latest study from Cushman & Wakefield and George Washington University forms part of wider series on the post-pandemic office.

Aidan Gavin • 30/10/2020

750 x 456 Ireland MarketBeat Offices
750 x 456 Ireland MarketBeat Offices

INSIGHTS

Samuel Beckett Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge in Dublin
MarketBeat

Ireland MarketBeats

Cushman & Wakefield MarketBeat reports analyse quarterly Ireland commercial property activity across office, retail and industrial real estate sectors including supply, demand and pricing trends at the market and submarket levels.
Tom McCabe • 14/02/2024
OUTLOOK24 WEB CARD
Events • Sustainability / ESG

Outlook 2024

Cushman & Wakefield Outlook 2024 event discussing key thoughts and views on the year ahead for real estate.
12/02/2024
Dublin
MarketBeat

Dublin MarketBeat Reports

Cushman & Wakefield MarketBeat reports analyze quarterly economic and commercial real estate activity including supply, demand and pricing trends at the market and submarket levels.
Tom McCabe • 30/01/2024

CAN’T FIND WHAT YOU’RE LOOKING FOR?

We’re on hand to help. Get in touch and we can help with any additional information you need.
With your permission we and our partners would like to use cookies in order to access and record information and process personal data, such as unique identifiers and standard information sent by a device to ensure our website performs as expected, to develop and improve our products, and for advertising and insight purposes.

Alternatively click on More Options and select your preferences before providing or refusing consent. Some processing of your personal data may not require your consent, but you have a right to object to such processing.

You can change your preferences at any time by returning to this site or clicking on Cookies.

MORE OPTIONS
Agree and Close
These cookies ensure that our website performs as expected,for example website traffic load is balanced across our servers to prevent our website from crashing during particularly high usage.
These cookies allow our website to remember choices you make (such as your user name, language or the region you are in) and provide enhanced features. These cookies do not gather any information about you that could be used for advertising or remember where you have been on the internet.
These cookies allow us to work with our marketing partners to understand which ads or links you have clicked on before arriving on our website or to help us make our advertising more relevant to you.
Agree All
Reject All
SAVE SETTINGS